Plena dance

January 17, 2016
La Historia de la Isla del
  • (Spanish Version)

    Plena was born in the working class barrios of Ponce, Puerto Rico about 100 years ago. It was generally "el periodico cantado" (the sung newspaper) because it contained stories about the record and everyday activity of those. Plena's origins may be traced returning to the changes in community brought on by Puerto Rico's transfer from Spanish to U.S. guideline, together with abolition of slavery which caused displaced colonial sugar cane workers to seek economic possibilities into the developing metropolitan areas of the area. Plena was created of African origins and ended up being transformed into a uniquely Puerto Rican appearance because of the influences of Jbaro, native Taino, and European musical traditions, besides the contributions of freed slaves from English-speaking Caribbean Islands who travelled to Puerto Rico seeking work.

    Because of the subsequent part of the 20th century, Plena primarily existed as part of our folklore. But inside 1990s Plena was handed new life thanks to music teams in Puerto Rico and ny whom modernized its sound for a brand new generation. Whether folklore or modern-day sound, oahu is the panderos - three or more handheld drums various sizes/pitches (seguidor, segundo, and requinto), and also the guiro - a gourd percussion instrument of local Taino source - that collectively produce the volatile rhythm of Plena. The white "Panama" hats usually donned by Plena performers can be a beloved symbol of Plena. Even though it is vital that you study Plena because of the popularity of its folkloric style, it's just as important since it is an income custom this is certainly still a dynamic section of Puerto Rico today, marking important events when you look at the lives of your folks, from beginning to death, plus street protests.

    Sources and Recommended Reading

  • Francisco Lopez Cruz, "La Music Folklorica de Puerto Rico", Troutman Press 1967. [Book]
  • Dufrasne-Gonzlez, J. Emanuel, "Puerto Rico tambin tiene Tamb, " Impreso en Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, 1994." [Book]
  • Dufrasne-Gonzlez, J. Emanuel, "Los Instrumentos Musicales AfroBoricuas, " La Tercera Raiz: Presencia Africana en Puerto Rico, Institute of Puerto Rican heritage, 1992.
  • Lopez, Ramon, "Donde esta el golpe de Plena, " Cultura, Institute of Puerto Rican community, Ano 4. Num 8, Summer 2000, pp87-89.
  • Los Pleneros De Los Angeles 21, "Somos Boricuas/We Tend To Be Puerto Rican: Bomba Y Plena En Nueva York, " Henry Street 1996. Excellent lining notes by Roberta L. Singer. [CD]
  • Peter Manuel, "Caribbean Currents: Caribbean songs from Rumba to Reggae, " Temple University Press, 1995. [Book]
  • Smithsonian Folkways, "Puerto Rico in Washington", 1989. [CD]
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    Dr. Ana Mara Tekina-eir Maynard
    Puerto Rican Folkloric Dance & Cultural Center
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